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Glossary Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M P Q R S T U V W

File Profiles

File Profiles

Dreadnought Files

A milled tooth file featuring a curved tooth across the blade. Mainly used for work on car bodies and all types of sheet metal manufacture.

Flat Files

The commonest file used for filing flat surfaces and all types of work except inside curves. The flat file tapers in both width and thickness towards the tip. Single cut and double cut flat files are available but the most general type is the double cut (dual cut).

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The most useful of all files, one side being rounded and the other flat. It can be used on flat, concave and convex surfaces.

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The hand file differs slightly from the flat file in that it is flat in cross section, tapering slightly in thickness towards the tip, but with parallel sides the whole length of the blade.

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The knife file has a cross section like a knife blade and tapers towards its point. It is used by tool and die makers on work which has acute angles.

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Similar to a dreadnought but with straight teeth cut diagonally. Mainly used on steel, aluminium, bronze and copper giving quick stock removal and a smooth finish without excessive clogging of the teeth.

Millsaw Files

Can have one or two rounded edges and often have one safe edge. They are always single cut and are mostly used to sharpen mill and circular saws, knives, lawn mower blades, axes, shears and for polishing and deburring work.

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Sometimes referred to as swiss pattern or jewellers files. These small files (normally 5-6in long overall) are very accurately made and mainly used for precision work on instruments and other delicate small work.

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A rasp has a very coarse tooth formation to facilitate greater stock removal. Mainly used for wood or soft metals.

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Round files taper towards the point and are used to enlarge or smooth round openings and to finish concave surfaces. Smaller versions of the round file are sometimes referred to as rat-tails.

Saw Files

Designed for sharpening saw teeth. The most common saw file is triangular while the chainsaw file is round. A saw file is usually double ended (handle can be fitted to either end) and can be worked in either direction.

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The square file is used on rectangular slots, keyways and splines. It is slightly tapered towards the point.

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Sometimes described as a triangular file, it has three flat sides and is used to file acute internal angles, clean cut square corners, enlarge and clean up angular holes and sharpen serrated jaws and saw teeth.

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This rectangular file is small and slender, tapering to a narrow point. It is used mainly as a locksmiths tool for filing notches on keys and locks, but can also be used where a thicker file would be too clumsy.