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Glossary Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M P Q R S T U V W

Files and Rasps

Files & Rasps

Files are classified by length, shape and cut, thus 10in Half Round Bastard, (10in long, half round shape, bastard cut). Length is traditionally described in inches (excluding the tang).

Shapes (flat, hand, round, etc.) are described in the glossary below.

Cuts indicate the degree of coarseness, measured by the number of teeth per 25mm, and the amount of space between the rows of teeth.

Failed to find Class

Approximately 26 teeth per 25mm (coarse).

Cleaning

Files should be cleaned regularly with a file card brush in order to prevent clogging and improve performance.

Dual Cut Files

Sometimes known as "Double Cut". They have a second set of parallel grooves cut into the blade, usually at an angle of 45°.

Handles

It is dangerous to use a file without a handle and although most files are supplied without them, handles are sold separately and should always be fitted.

Safe Edge

Some files have one edge uncut, described as the safe edge, which can be rested against, or can touch a work surface without causing damage, while the other edge does the filing.

Failed to find Class

Approximately 36 teeth per 25mm (medium).

Single Cut Files

These have parallel rows of teeth, cut at an angle of between 60° and 80° to the edge.

Failed to find Class

Approximately 62 teeth per 25mm (fine).

Failed to find Class

This is the pointed piece at the end of the file blade which is fitted into the handle. It is not included when stating the length. The length of the file is the length of the blade.